Official Language: Standard Chinese or Mandarin
Economy: Second largest in the world (behind the U.S.) and predicted to become the world’s largest economy by 2020. Gross Domestic Product: $14.66 trillion annually
Major Industries: Textiles, clothing apparel, electronics, food processing, transportation equipment, ships, rail cars and locomotives
Population: $1.3 Billion
Major Cities and Population (in millions): Shanghai-15.7 million, Beijing- 11.1 million, Guangzhou/Canton- 9.4 million and Shenzhen- 8.1 million
Since 2008, President Obama and President Hu Jintao of the People’s Republic China have met eleven times, signifying the importance of the relationship between the two countries. Until the 1970s the U.S. did not recognize nor maintain diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China. U.S. President Richard Nixon’s historic visit to China in 1972 was the first step in normalizing relationships between the countries.
China currently has more than 300 million internet users, almost the entire population of the United States. The Chinese government censors many websites such as, Facebook, MySpace, YouTube and sites that discuss the Tiananmen Square protests and the Dalai Lama. China’s government has the largest and most complicated firewall worldwide today.